Hot Weather Means Heat Stroke for Dogs
This is my annual “Hot Weather Kills French Bulldogs” warning post about heat stroke, originally posted Jun 9, 2008. Every year, I think to myself “Please don’t let me have to read news stories about French Bulldogs dying in hot cars”, and every year I am disappointed.
Please – let’s make the summer of 2010 the year that NO Frenchies die of heat stroke, and that NO Frenchies are left in parked cars (no, not even for ‘just a minute’).
Warm weather is here, and already the stories of French Bulldogs almost dying from heatstroke are coming in.
On French Bulldog Z, a reader writes in surprised that her Frenchie can’t walk a mile in 80 weather without almost passing out.
I have a 6 month old, neutered, male French bulldog. I love to take walks and Taz is very high energy so along with many games of fetch in the backyard, I try to take Taz for a walk everyday.
Today is about 80 degrees out. I would say we walked about 1 mile when Taz was panting and lay down in the grass flat on his belly refusing to walk anymore even when bribed with treats. I waited for him to relax a bit but he still would not walked and looked as though he might be in distress (breathing very heavily) and finally had to call someone to drive us home after trying to carry him some of the way back.
My question is how far can a Frenchie walk?
I know that they do not like very long walks or very hot days but “very long” and “very hot” means different things to different people. I thought exercise is good for all dogs. A 2 mile walk in 80 degree weather seems like it should be ok for a dog.
What signs should I look for to know that Taz has had enough because panting is normal right?
Dr. Lori writes –
Oh dear – A frenchie is not meant to walk 2 miles in 80 degrees!!! Heck, they hardly want to walk around the block in 60 degree weather! It sounds to me like you were VERY lucky that you did lose your Taz to heat exhaustion today!
I personally only allow my dogs out for short periods on such hot days and never encourage any exercise if teh weather is over 70 degrees. There have been instances of frenchies overheating and dying in much cooler temperatures.
If you continue reading, you’ll get more stories of just how quickly Frenchies (and most other breeds) can succumb to heat stroke, as well as tips on how you can treat it, and what supplies you should keep on hand in case it happens.
In the San Mateo Times, columnist Mary Hanna describes how her little Frenchie went from playing happily to vomiting and glassy eyed in almost no time flat –
We were at the dog park in Foster City, an open and windy spot that was full of Shih Tzus, Pomeranians and other adorable fluffballs and their parents. Corky was her usual sociable self, but had trouble engaging any playmates in a game of tag
When the chill started to turn to frost, we decided to go home. We put Corky on her leash and walked toward the car. She was breathing hard and panting, as she always does after a play session. We put her in her crate in the back seat and started home. After a half-mile or so, I knew something was wrong. She was “digging” in her crate and her breathing was ragged
When we squealed into the clinic parking lot, Keeper jumped out and ran to the door, Corky in his arms. They were ready for her. We filled out some paperwork (and by “we” I mean he did — I was crying in the bathroom) and waited for news.
The technician came out within minutes and told us that they had started an IV, had hosed her down (her temperature was elevated) and had put her in an oxygen chamber. They were working to calm her down and stabilize her breathing.
Later, when she was breathing more regularly, Dr. Thelan came and talked to us. She had heat stroke, he said. She was better, but not out of the woods. There was a danger of going into shock and bleeding out. That condition was rare, but always fatal.
Read the rest here
On the French Bulldog L mailing list, a French Bulldog handler and breeder with years of experience is shocked when her friend’s dog goes down from heatstroke at an outdoor show, in spite of all their warm weather precautions and preparations.
I watched, as my friend’s beautiful Frenchie boy almost lost his life to this horrific heat wave we’ve been having here in NY. We had just finished showing. Thank God it was still early morning, but I think that was our false sense of security. We were walking back to our cars, laughing, joking when all of a sudden this poor boy vomits, then falls over not breathing.
Thanks to quick thinking handlers nearby, they had a bucke of ice water and started pounding on his chest to revive him. His handler was there and bravely stuck her fingers in his mouth to pull his tongue out of the airway. Unfortunately, because this boy was seizing as well, she was bitten pretty severely on one of her fingers. I don’t know as of this moment how she is. However, Whatever they did, it worked.
The show vet showed up and they continued working on him until his temp came back down. It was THE scariest thing that has ever happened at a show for me. The show committee crew did an outstanding job coming to our rescue with golf carts and people to help. This boy was stabilized, went to his vet and is resting comfortably now at home.
We are not stupid owners. We had cool coats, we had coolers with spray bottles, ice water, the works. It happened SO fast and he gave no outward warning that he was having trouble. I learned the hard way what to always have on hand in my tack box. Nutra Cal and lemon juice. I stopped by and got some on my way home.
My personal experience with heat stroke came years ago, with our Bulldog, Daisy. It was a muggy and overcast day, and the weather didn’t seem that warm to me. I was washing the kitchen floor, and decided to put Daisy and the other dogs outside until it dried. Less than five minutes later, I saw she was panting uncontrollably, and knew she had heat exhaustion.
I put her in the tub, and ran cool (not cold!) water over her, while letting the tub fill. I payed special attention to anywhere blood flows, including the stomach and genital area. I also put cool towels on her head and across the back of her neck. I did not let her drink any water, or try to force any on her. Next, I used a small (1/2 teaspoon) squeeze of lemon juice to cut the phlegm in her throat.
Since she was still panting heavily, I administerd a cool water enema, which helps to cool the body temperature from the inside out.
When her breathing calmed, I gave her a weight appropriate dose of children’s benadryl, to reduce the swelling in her throat. At this time, I allowed her a few sips of cool water.
Since I know have more knowledge on this sort of trauma can lead to shock, I’d now administer a small amount of nutracal to help prevent this once the dog was calm and breathing fairly easy.
We have an info sheet on heat exhaustion and heat stroke on French Bulldog Z, and suggest that all dog owners – and flat faced, brachycephalic breed owners in particular – prepare themselves to deal with heat stroke in their pets.
You must realize that ambient air temperature is not the only factor to consider when deciding it’s it hot enough for your French Bulldog to be at risk. Think about walking across sand, or pavement, in the cool of the evening after a hot day, and how hot those surfaces remain. Your dog, being close to the ground, is absorbing all of that ground heat. Remeber that dogs do not sweat, and can only cool themselves by panting, which is made more difficult in humid weather, or when they are a flat faced breed with a shorter airway system.
In short, never, ever assume that just because you think it isn’t ‘too hot’, your dog will agree. Your dog’s life depends on your being careful, and on your being prepared to deal with heat stroke if it happens.
Owners of flat faced breeds in particular should carry an emergency preparation kit with them wherever they go –
- bottle of distilled water
- disposable enema kit (ask your veterinarian for instructions and fill amounts – we used about 400 ccs on a 55 lb Bulldog)
- cool down coat
- cool down cloth
- squeeze bottle of lemon juice
- children’s Benadryl (the pre measured spoons are perfect to pack)
- phone number of 24 hour emergency vet
- rectal thermometer
- card with instructions for dealing with heat stroke
Here are the warning signs of heat stroke –
- intense, rapid, rythmic panting (some breeders call it ‘freight train’ panting)
- bright red colors inside ears
- wide eyes
- staggering and weakness
- Advanced heat stroke victims will collapse and become unconscious
- pale and dry gums
- if heat stroke is suspected and you can take the animal’s temperature rectally, any temperature above 106 degrees is dangerous
If you’re going someplace in warm weather where you can’t carry this kit, you need to ask yourself – is it really worth it? Can I get my dog from here to a vet in time to save their lives? Am I completely confident it is not too hot for heat stroke to over take my dog?
If you even suspect the weather may be warm enough to be a risk to your dog, put them in a cool coat. By the way, those handy with a sewing machine can make cheap, easy cooler coats with just a terry cloth towel, some banding material, and velcro.
Finally, and above all, never, ever, ever leave your dog in a parked car when the weather is warm. Temperatures in a parked car can soar to life threatening on even mild days, and even if all the windows are opened. Do not risk it.
Our Amazon Store has hot weather essentials and treats. Amazon donates a few cents from everything your purchase to Eastern Canada French Bulldog Club.
I promise to be very careful with any free Frenchies you mail me. We have air conditioning and dog fans everywhere in the house.
.-= YesBiscuit´s last blog ..Treats on the Internets =-.
This is a great post and reference (gotta add a few things to my bag now!).
I think Frenchies just made it permanantly off my life list. 🙁 I’d be afraid they’d die just going from the car to the front door in the summer when we use the indoor, air conditioned dog park. 😛
.-= Cait´s last blog .. =-.
Anyone reading this in the uk or in countrys that have a cooler climate BE AWARE THAT HEAT STROKE CAN STRIKE WITHOUT WARNING even if you think its not that hot, maybe its cloudy and dull etc its the humidity thats the problem we found that out the hard way, i had my english bully for 6 and a half yrs so was very comfatable that he is ok out in the yard with shade and water etc, just relaxing not playing as he was quite lazy but on one particular cloudy quite dull day he developed severe heat stroke within half an hour and we couldnt recover him from it even tho i had read what to do i didnt have the specialist stuff like rectal enamas just cool water and towels well he basicaly collapsed and never woke up, to say it rips your heart out is a massive understatement especialy the way he died and how helpless you feel so people do abit of research and dont get it in your head that it wont happen to your bully because thats what i thought and well how wrong i was, if one person sees this and it educates them in the case of an emergency resulting them in there dog being saved or prevented from overheating then thats gotta be a good thing